Welcome back to our journey through the four essential steps of a UX research study. So far, we’ve delved into the first two steps: planning the study and conducting the research. In the latter, you learned how to take meticulous notes while observing participants in a usability study. Now, as we proceed to the third step, it’s time to unlock the power of analysis and synthesis. This step holds the key to turning raw data into actionable insights.
Step 3: Analyze and Synthesize the Results
In this phase, you’ll learn how to synthesize the invaluable feedback and data collected during your usability study. To synthesize means to combine ideas and observations to draw meaningful conclusions. Here’s how we put it into practice:
1. Grouping Data into Themes
The heart of synthesis lies in grouping data into themes. These themes help us gain deeper insights into users and their needs. This is where the magic happens – we evolve our understanding.
Consider a scenario: In your usability study, four out of five participants express a strong desire for the ability to book a dog walker repeatedly. By clustering these shared frustrations, you can recognize the critical nature of this issue and brainstorm ways to resolve it. This synthesis leads to a powerful insight.
2. Insights Fuel Design Iteration
Once you’ve unearthed insights, you’re primed and ready to embark on the fourth step: iterating on your design. Iteration involves revising your original design to create a newer, improved version. In the world of UX design, we constantly strive for progress. It’s about formulating an idea, collecting feedback from participants or users, and iterating to enhance the concept continually.
Now, let’s dive right into the exciting process of analyzing and synthesizing your research results.
Field Research: A Story of Real Impact
To illustrate the real-world impact of synthesis and field research, let’s take a look at how the Google Maps team transformed the design of their app based on firsthand observations in India and Indonesia.
In bustling cities like Delhi and Jakarta, traffic congestion is a daily ordeal. Many locals have found solace in two-wheeled vehicles like scooters and motorcycles, which can maneuver through traffic and take shortcuts inaccessible to cars. However, mapping applications like Google Maps were primarily designed for car users.
A diverse team comprising UX designers, researchers, engineers, product managers, and marketers from around the world embarked on a mission to immerse themselves in the local culture. They experienced traffic firsthand, even riding on the backs of motorcycles. What they learned revolutionized the Google Maps design.
Here are some key insights:
- Memorization Over Navigation: Motorcycle drivers often memorize their routes due to the difficulty of following a map while riding. This insight prompted designers to make trip instructions more glanceable and memorable.
- Landmarks Matter: Landmarks are crucial for two-wheeled vehicle drivers. Google Maps incorporated more landmark references to aid navigation.
- Language Options: India alone has 22 official languages, and Indonesians speak hundreds. Offering more language options in the app improves comprehension for users.
- Customized Directions: Users can now switch Google Maps to two-wheeler mode, which recommends routes optimized for these vehicles, saving time and providing accurate arrival estimates.
This example underscores the value of field research and firsthand observation. It allowed the Google Maps team to deeply empathize with users and address their unique needs effectively.
The Process of Synthesis in Four Steps
1. Gather Data
Begin by collecting all the data from your usability study in one central location. This data may be in various formats, including sticky notes, spreadsheets, audio recordings, or handwritten notes. Don’t forget to compile observations from all team members who observed the study.
2. Organize Your Data
Next, organize the gathered data. If you used sticky notes, consider using affinity diagramming to arrange your data logically. Alternatively, if you employed spreadsheet notetaking, you’re already on the path to organization.
3. Identify Themes
One of the primary objectives of UX research is to uncover common themes across participants. These themes serve as the foundation for insights. While the terms “patterns” and “themes” are sometimes used interchangeably, for simplicity’s sake, we’ll stick to “themes.”
4. Craft Insights
Finally, based on the themes you’ve identified, create actionable insights. Insights should provide guidance to the design team on how to enhance the product. Depending on the volume of data collected, you should be able to generate several themes and corresponding insights.
Congratulations, you’re now well-equipped to transform observations from your usability study into powerful insights. You’re on your way to the vital process of synthesis, where combining ideas leads to game-changing conclusions.
As you continue to iterate on your designs, remember the story of the Google Maps team. Their authentic experiences and field research led to profound improvements in user experience. Recognizing when your team could benefit from a firsthand experience is a valuable skill in the world of UX research and design.
With these insights and the power of synthesis, you’re poised to create designs that resonate with users and truly address their needs. Happy synthesizing!